Within the framework of the 46th Summit of the Pacific islands forum (PIF) which is at present held (7 on September 11th, 2015) in Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea, the candidacy of New Caledonia to a status of full member is examined.
First, the role of the PIF in the international support of the Kanak people’s struggle, was considerable, and in particularly within the framework of the reinscription, in 1986, of New Caledonia on the United Nations list of Non Self Governing Territories. This support was able to be developed, among others, under the aegis of our countries brothers of the Melanesia.
Indeed, since 1986, the FLNKS was an observer member of the PIF. In 1998, after the signing of the Nouméa Accord which involved the country in a process of emancipation and decolonization, the Kanak independentists have accepted to integrate the government of New Caledonia at the time and place of the FLNKS as observer member within the PIF. This open-mindedness gesture was made during the PIF's summit in Palau in 1999. Besides, in 2006, New Caledonia became associate member of the PIF.
In September 2013, following a mission of the ministerial committee in New Caledonia, the executives of the organization recognized the legitimacy of the New Caledonian candidacy for the status of full member within PIF.
Unfortunately, since 2006, we notice a sidelining of the independentist executives concerning all the decisions, as political as diplomatic, relative to the PIF, taken by the government of New Caledonia.
Otherwise, we are today in the last mandate of the Noumea Accord, and the political development of these last months does not allow us to envisage the granting, to New Caledonia, of a status of full member within the PIF.
Indeed, since the elections of May, 2014, the country lives in the political instability. The most perfect illustration is the blocking of the Government during more than three months, from December, 2014, till April, 2015, by the non-pro-independence political parties. It needs, once again, all the political maturity of the independentists to take out the country of this political crisis. The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the MSGs countries had supported our approach in a press release signed on January 23rd 2015, in Port Vila, Vanuatu.
As signatory of the Noumea Accord, I have called out on several occasions the partners of this accord on the respect for its sincere and whole implementation. The Melanesian Spearhead Group, the PIF and the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization were also notified on the problems that our country crosses, in particular on the question of the establishment and the revision of the special electoral rolls for the provincial elections and for the consultation on the country's achievement of full sovereignty.
Besides, further to its visiting mission in New Caledonia in March 2014, the Special Committee on Decolonization pointed out several negative points. Apart from the serious problems of sincerity and transparency of the special electoral rolls, recognized by the United Nations General Assembly through the mission report and through the resolutions on New Caledonia, « [t]he mission thinks, as many of the others, that the current situation in New Caledonia is extremely fragile and underline that it is important to establish a constructive dialogue between all the actors (…) ».
This recommendation of the C24 visiting mission has just been verified with a large-scale socio-political conflict which saw the capital, Noumea, and several strategic main highways of the country, stopped by a conflict around the « Nickel strategy », the main natural resources of the country. In front of the incapacity of the Government to manage this conflict, an independentist executive has assured a mediation to go out of more than three weeks of blocking.
Otherwise, Oceania is today considered as the new center of the world growth, provided with a considerable potential which can raise the challenges of the 21th century (energy, raw materials, halieutic resources, etc.). So, it is clear that France, in the name of its greatness, of its place in the world, of its best interests, of its rank of the second naval strength in the world behind the USA, wishes to ensure to keep the sovereign powers in New Caledonia.
Recently, a symposium organized by the French Senate in January 2013, in Paris, confirmed again the interest of France for its French territories of the Pacific. The speakers of this symposium thus recommended to defend in this continent the best interests of France in connection with the public and private French companies.
France also defends its own interests by using the French territories as a bridgehead or support base.
Concerning French overseas territories, the President François Hollande during his tour of the « last French colonies » had a constant in his speeches: « France is present all around the world, a country where the sun never goes down, France is a country of Oceania, Indian Ocean, America, the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean ». These declarations express the politic of red line of the forbidden independence which France implements. Sometimes, under the cover of democracy, we can reveal maneuvers of a State trying to assure its domination while putting up a good show in front of the international community.
The independentist executives that we are have what to be worried in view of this situation in French overseas territories and taking in consideration the declarations of certain high-level French politicians following the example of President François Hollande during his last journey in New Caledonia in November 2014 asserting in his speech in the Tjibaou Cultural Center that the best interests of France are also situated in the Pacific.
Yet, New Caledonia is an oceanian country and France is an european country. The FLNKS gave time to build and reach its independence. Important results were obtained, but serious drifts, further to a deliberated will of confinement from the State, led New Caledonia towards a trapdoor into which France locks it more and more in the name of the best interests of the Nation.
For us, it is so out of the question for the moment, and as long as New Caledonia is not independent, that she could obtain the status of full member within the PIF. In the same line, it is inconceivable for us, as regard to the Melanesian Spearhead Group, that the FLNKS could give its place to the government of New Caledonia. Because it would definitely let France enter in these regional organizations, following the principle of the « Trojan horse », organizations which were of all fights for the Kanak people's independence.
Our country which is going to commemorate, on September 24th, 2015, 162 years of taking possession by France, does not have vocation to play eternally the role of casting a favourable light on its administrative power which the only purpose is to claim, in the eyes of the nations of this region, its status of « oceanian » country, to benefit from this position. The geographical and political reality reminds that France, situated in 20 000 km of the Pacific is an european, and not an oceanian State. To permanently tweak the shot on this basic reality amounts to maintain the colonialist and imperialist system, and paves the way for future situations of conflicts. More than ever New Caledonia, Melanesia and the Pacific, need stability, cohesion and peace.
Considering the current political situation in Kanaky/New Caledonia, particularly in the prospect of electoral consultation on the achievement of full sovereignty of the country which is planned from 2018, and considering elements developed above, the Position of the Group UC-FLNKS and Nationalists is to postpone the examination of the candidacy of New Caledonia to the status of full member of the Pacific Islands Forum.
The brother countries of Melanesia, the President of the French Republic, the Minister for French Overseas, the President of the Government of New Caledonia, and the President of the United Nations Special Committee of Decolonization, were informed and seized on this matter.